11th Lecture - Leadership Studies with The Hon. Julie Bishop
Date: Wednesday, 27 July 2022
Time: 09.00 - 10.00 GMT+7
Platform: Zoom Meetings & Youtube Livestream
Speaker: The Hon. Julie Bishop, Chancellor of Australian National University and Minister for Foreign Affairs of Australia (2013-2018)
Moderator: Dr. Rhevy Adriade Putra, Lecturer, Department of International Relations, Faculty of Humanities, Binus University
Among the many studies into leadership traits, there are some common themes. One of the most important is that of ethics. We all face challenging decisions throughout our lives and it’s often difficult to know what to do when faced with competing choices, for better or worse. When such decisions relate to our personal circumstances, we really only have to answer to ourselves and perhaps to our families and close ones. However, when our choices impact on the lives of other people, we have a responsibility to place those decisions within an ethical and principled framework.
There is exceptionally good research available into different leadership styles based on gender. To be clear, the studies refer to overall trends and all elements of leadership styles would be prevalent among men and women, although perhaps not equally. The research concludes that women are more likely to adopt a leadership style described as transformational while males were more likely to adopt a transactional style. This meant women were more likely to be emotionally engaged with their teams intended to work harder at the professional development of individuals as a means of achieving goals. Men were more likely to be driven empirically by setting team goals and holding the individuals to account at each stop of the way. There are strengths and weaknesses in both approaches.
Conditional vs Unconditional Leadership
Another way of assessing different leadership approaches is to consider a framework that I describe as ‘conditional vs unconditional’. Conditional leadership is where the benefits are largely combined to those deemed to be the supporters of any leader. So, a conditional leader makes decisions that impact those following the immediate team. But this is in contrast to unconditional leadership where the benefits of decisions are broadly shared beyond the followers of the leader across a community, perhaps a nation, and sometimes the entire planet. The struggle to reconcile these approaches is one that we all must face daily.